Migrations, xenophobia e growth of racism
Eduardo Frigoletto de Menezes
In the last decades, motivated mainly for the increase of the
inequalities, he is having an increase of the migratory flow of the
inhabitants of the poor countries in the direction of the rich
Several of these developed countries present population problems,
also, some of them, are with negative vegetative growth (absolute
loss of population), had to the low taxes of natality and the aging
of its inhabitants, factor that generates increase of mortality.
This set of factors makes that these countries need immigrant man
power in order will not harm its economies. However, the
immigration, that is the solution most viable for the economic
maintenance of those countries, is faced by the local population
with great distrust. A species of force of the evil friction the
immigrants as flock of evildoers, spread for the country, taking off
the jobs of the good workers, violating its women, destroying its
homes, eating its children... that I exaggerate!
This phenomenon, known as xenophobia, comes growing and if
incorporating others not less condemnable, as the racist movements
(Ku-Klux-Klan), neo-nazists (Skin Heads), anti-Semitism (aversion to
the Jews) and to other ethnic-religious conflicts.
Curiously, one of the countries
is Portugal. In 2004 that country it defined through its Institute
of Job and Professional Formation, 8,500 vacant for immigrants in
its market of work. The bureaucracy made with that to the end of the
year 641 vacant were only filled. The most serious of everything
this is that the great majority of the refused ones was Brazilian.
Without speaking in the 3,044 Brazilians barred in the airports of
Portugal for problems with the entrance visas. Soon Brazil, that
receives the Portuguese so well. Studies indicate that only in the
40,000 patricians inhabit there more than, without that do not have
obstacle some so that they open a company.
By the way, it is not alone with Brazil that exists unwillingness of
the Portuguese part. Between Portugal and Spain the antipathy is
mutual. In Portugal it exists up to one dictated popular one that
says: "Of Spain nor good wind, nor good marriage". How much to the
Spaniard, they are very or sufficiently worried if to live in the
same building where they live Portuguese, although more to be
worried about the immigrant North Africans (mainly Moroccan) and
Na Spain, Argentine citizens come
being barred when they try to emigrate there, despite
existence bilateral agreements that establish the good agreement
between both countries and, to have very Spanish
Argentina (254.073) do that Argentine
Spain (9.422), as points given do year of 2000. Without speaking
that Spain was place of recent racist manifestations, when exalted
the player Robert Carlos of "macaquito".
Paradoxically, of Argentina - country that if complaint of xenophobic
treatment on the part of Spain - he is the Disábato
player who, during a departure of soccer here in Brazil, would have
called the Brazilian player "Graphite" "boldface of m....". Curious
it is if to evidence that the nickname "graphite" also is a racist
In Italy, the problem arrives the governmental sphere. The xenophobe
leader Humberto Bossi is integrant of the government of Silvio
Berlusconi and defends until the use of shots of cannons to bar the
boats that try there to disembark immigrant illegal. This fact even
generated protests of the allies of the government.
For the skill, with more rigid laws, economic sanctions on the part
of world-wide agencies as the ONU, OMC and World Bank, education and
the promotion of the reduction of the social inequalities it only is
that we will be able to reduce this problem.